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In 1862, Stonewall Jackson drove the Federals from the Shenandoah after a brilliant campaign. Two years later, they returned and laid waste to the Valley. At dawn on Oct. 19, 1864, Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early’s army attacked the Union force commanded by Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan and drove it north of nearby Middletown. But that afternoon, while the Confederates rested and regrouped, Sheridan galloped to the field from Winchester, rallied his men, and crushed Early’s army. The struggle for control of the Shenandoah Valley was over. Follow the trailblazing signs from Winchester through the Valley to Roanoke.