Text Box: HOV Enforcement

 

 

 


What we know about HOV Enforcement:

 

Ž    HOV lane enforcement is critical to the success of HOV lanes. Lack of enforcement offers rationalization for not using HOV lanes.

 

Northern Virginia:

 

Ž    Less than half of SOV drivers believe HOV lanes are actually enforced. Among HOV users, even less are convinced. (Source: “Attitude and Usage Survey Regarding HOV Lanes on the Dulles Toll Road”)

­         Among SOV drivers, only 41% believe HOV lanes are really enforced.

­         Among HOV users, only 37% are convinced that HOV lanes are actually enforced.

Ž    Many do not know the specific penalties for HOV lane violations.

­         Among all drivers (HOV and SOV), 34% do not know what the penalties for HOV violations are.

Ž    Commuters, both HOV users and non-users, support the enforcement of HOV lane restrictions.

­         72% of HOV and SOV commuters believe that HOV lanes should be enforced more fully.

 

Hampton Roads:

 

Ž    Hampton Roads (Southside) commuters are mixed about how they rate HOV enforcement.  (Source: “HOV Attitudinal Research among Hampton Roads Commuters,” 2002)

­         About half (51%) of Southside commuters rate enforcement as “excellent” (7%), “very good” (15%), or “good” (29%).

­         Another third (35%) believe enforcement of the lanes is “fair” (18%) or “poor” (17%).

­         The remainder (14%) are “unsure” about how well the HOV lanes are enforced.

­         There is no significant difference by HOV corridor.

Ž    Commuter rating of HOV lane enforcement improved from 1987 to 2002.  In research conducted in 1987 and again in 2002, perceptions of HOV enforcement had increased significantly.

Ž    The Virginia State Police report that citations issued for HOV Lane violators has increased substantially. 

­         Troopers are actively patrolling the HOV lanes when possible. 

­         However, the judicial system (particularly in Virginia Beach) is not convicting many of these violators. 

­         Additionally, lack of officers does not allow as many HOV lane patrols as desired. 

­         The State Police have been asked by the Hampton Roads HOV Steering Committee to provide an estimate of the costs to hire “off-duty” officers to patrol the HOV lanes to supplement the current force.  (Source:  April 14, 2004 Hampton Roads HOV Steering Committee Meeting)

 

Related Studies/Documents:

 

1987:  “Commuters on the Virginia Beach Toll Road

2002:  “HOV Attitudinal Research among Hampton Roads Commuters”

2003:  “Attitude and Usage Survey Regarding HOV Lanes on the Dulles Toll Road

2004:  “April 14 Hampton Roads HOV Steering Committee Meeting”